Includes bibliographical references (p. 193-196) and index.
1. What problems are faced by urban America? -- The government can help end the cycle of urban poverty / Barack Obama -- Government efforts to end urban poverty are counterproductive / Steven Malanga -- Urban blight contributes to crime / Carolyn Y. Johnson -- Urban blight does not contribute to crime / C.R. Sridhar -- Urban homelessness is a serious problem for African Americans / Maco L. Faniel -- New programs can help end urban homelessness / Ian Merrifield -- 2. What government programs would improve urban America? -- Mixed-income public housing improves urban America / Charles Woodyard -- Mixed-income public housing has not improved urban America / James Tracy -- Urban rail transit benefits cities / Todd Litman -- Urban rail transit does not benefit cities / Randal O'Toole -- 3. How can the lives of urban children be improved? -- Curfews may reduce crime and protect urban youth / Martha Yeide -- Curfews do not reduce crime and protect urban youth / Tony Favro -- Charter schools can benefit urban students / Monica Rohr -- Charter schools do not benefit needy urban students / Sharon Higgins and Caroline Grannan -- Mentoring programs help urban youth / Leslie Talmadge -- Not all mentoring programs are effective / Society for Research in Child Development -- 4. What is the future of urban America? -- Smart-growth policies will improve urban areas / Neal Peirce -- Smart-growth policies will harm urban areas / Randal O'Toole -- Downsizing large cities can be beneficial / Brian J. Connolly -- Downsizing large cities is harmful / Roberta Brandes Gratz.
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This volume explores topics relating to urban reform by presenting varied expert opinions that examine many of the different aspects that comprise these issues. Urban reform refers to a loosely knit set of municipal government and citizen group initiatives aimed at improving city life. The viewpoints are selected from a wide range of highly respected and often hard-to-find sources and publications. Allows the reader to attain the higher-level critical thinking and reading skills that are essential in a culture of diverse and contradictory opinions.