Start Over Save to list Export MARC Display MelCat
     
Author Scudder, Paul H.
Title Electron flow in organic chemistry [electronic resource] : a decision-based guide to organic mechanisms / Paul H. Scudder, New College of Florida.
Publication Info. Hoboken, N.J. : Wiley, 2013.
Edition 2nd ed.
Location Call No. Status Notes
 Libraries Electronic Books  ELECTRONIC BOOK-ebrary    AVAIL. ONLINE
Description xv, 432 p. : ill.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Machine generated contents note: 1 BONDING AND ELECTRON DISTRIBUTION 1 1.1 The Decision-Based Approach To Organic Chemistry 2 1.2 Ionic And Covalent Bonding 6 1.3 Lewis Structures And Resonance Forms 8 1.4 Curved-Arrow Notation 11 1.5 Nomenclature And Abbreviations 16 1.6 An Orbital View Of Bonding (Supplemental) 18 1.7 The Shapes Of Molecules 21 1.8 Molecular Repulsions, Attractions, And Hydrogen Bonding 25 1.9 Conjugation, Vinylogy, Aromaticity 27 1.10 Summary 30 2 THE PROCESS OF BOND FORMATION 34 2.1 Energetics Control Knowledge 35 2.2 Orbital Overlap In Covalent Bond Formation 35 2.3 Orbital Interaction Diagrams 38 2.4 Polarizability And Hard And Soft Acid?Base Theory 41 2.5 Thermodynamics, Position Of Equilibrium 43 2.6 Kinetics, Rate Of Reaction 47 2.7 Solvent Stabilization Of Ions 53 2.8 Enzymatic Catalysis - Lessons From Biochemistry 55 2.9 Summary 57 3 PROTON TRANSFER AND THE PRINCIPLES OF STABILITY 61 3.1 Introduction To Proton Transfer 62 3.2 Ranking Of Acids And Bases, The pKa Chart 63 3.3 Structural Factors That Influence Acid Strength 66 3.4 Structural Factors That Influence Base Strength 70 3.5 Carbon Acids & Ranking Of Electron-Withdrawing Groups 71 3.6 Calculation Of Keq For Proton Transfer 76 3.7 Proton Transfer Mechanisms 77 3.8 Common Errors 81 3.9 Proton Transfer Product Predictions 82 3.10 Summary 83 4 IMPORTANT REACTION ARCHETYPES 88 4.1 Introduction To Reaction Archetypes 89 4.2 Nucleophilic Substitution At A Tetrahedral Center 89 4.3 Elimination Reactions Create Pi Bonds 110 4.4 Addition Reactions To Polarized Multiple Bonds 124 4.5 Nucleophilic Substitution At A Trigonal Planar Center 133 4.6 Electrophilic Substitution At A Trigonal Planar Center 140 4.7 Rearrangements To An Electrophilic Carbon 144 4.8 Reaction Archetype Summary 146 5 CLASSIFICATION OF ELECTRON SOURCES 151 5.1 Generalized Ranking Of Electron Sources 151 5.2 Nonbonding Electrons 152 5.3 Electron-Rich Sigma Bonds 154 5.4 Electron-Rich Pi Bonds 155 5.5 Simple Pi Bonds 156 5.6 Aromatic Rings 159 5.7 Summary Of Generic Electron Sources 160 6 CLASSIFICATION OF ELECTRON SINKS 166 6.1 Generalized Ranking Of Electron Sinks 166 6.2 Electron-Deficient Species 167 6.3 Weak Single Bonds 168 6.4 Polarized Multiple Bonds Without Leaving Groups 170 6.5 Polarized Multiple Bonds With Leaving Groups 172 6.6 Summary Of Generic Electron Sinks 173 7 THE ELECTRON FLOW PATHWAYS 179 7.1 The Dozen Most Common Pathways 180 7.2 Six Minor Pathways 191 7.3 Common Path Combinations 197 7.4 Variations On A Theme 201 7.5 Twelve Major Paths Summary And Crosschecks 208 8 INTERACTION OF ELECTRON SOURCES AND SINKS 213 8.1 Source And Sink Correlation Matrix 214 8.2 H-A Sinks Reacting With Common Sources 214 8.3 Y?L Sinks Reacting With Common Sources 218 8.4 sp3 C?L Sinks Reacting With Common Sources 222 8.5 C=Y Sinks Reacting With Common Sources 227 8.6 R?C?Y Sinks Reacting With Common Sources 233 8.7 C=C?Ewg Sinks Reacting With Common Sources 235 8.8 L?C=Y Sinks Reacting With Common Sources 237 8.9 Miscellaneous Reactions 240 8.10 Metal Ions As Electron Sinks 242 8.11 Rearrangements To An Electrophilic Center 243 8.12 Nu-L Reactions 244 8.13 Product Matrix Summary 248 9 DECISIONS, DECISIONS 251 9.1 Decision Point Recognition 252 9.2 Multiple Additions 252 9.3 Regiochemistry & Stereochemistry Of Enolate Formation 254 9.4 Ambident Nucleophiles 255 9.5 Substitution Vs. Elimination 258 9.6 Ambident Electrophiles 262 9.7 Intermolecular Vs. Intramolecular 263 9.8 To Migrate Or Not To An Electrophilic Center 264 9.8 Summary 266 10 CHOOSING THE MOST PROBABLE PATH 269 10.1 Problem-Solving In General 270 10.2 General Mechanistic Cross-Checks 274 10.3 The Path-Selection Process 276 10.4 Reaction Mechanism Strategies 278 10.5 Worked Mechanism Examples 279 10.6 Product Prediction Strategies 297 10.7 Worked Product Prediction Examples 297 10.8 Methods For Testing Mechanisms 313 10.9 Lessons from Biochemical Mechanisms 319 10.10 Summary 321 11 ONE-ELECTRON PROCESSES 326 11.1 Radical Structure And Stability 326 11.2 Radical Path Initiation 329 11.3 Major Paths For Radicals Reacting With Neutrals 330 11.4 Unimolecular Radical Paths 332 11.5 Termination Radical Paths 333 11.6 Radical Path Combinations 333 11.7 Approaches To Radical Mechanisms 336 11.8 Single Electron Transfer, S.E.T., And Charged Radicals 338 11.9 Dissolving Metal Reductions 339 11.10 Electron Transfer Initiated Processes 340 11.11 One-Electron Path Summary 340 12 QUALITATIVE M.O. THEORY & PERICYCLIC REACTIONS 343 12.1 Review Of Orbitals As Standing Waves 344 12.2 Molecular Orbital Theory For Linear Pi Systems 344 12.3 Molecular Orbital Theory For Cyclic Conjugated PI Systems 348 12.4 Perturbation Of The HOMO And LUMO 351 12.5 Delocalization Of Sigma Electrons (Supplemental) 352 12.6 Concerted Pericyclic Cycloaddition Reactions 353 12.7 Concerted Pericyclic Electrocyclic Reactions 357 12.8 Concerted Pericyclic Sigmatropic Rearrangements 359 12.9 Pericyclic Reactions Summary 361 APPENDIX (A COLLECTION OF IMPORTANT TOOLS) 364 General Bibliography 364 Abbreviations Used in This Text 365 Functional Group Glossary 366 Composite pKa Chart 369 Bond Strength Table 372 Generic Classification Guide 373 Flow Charts for the Classification of Electron Sources and Sinks 375 Pathway Summary 375 Trends Guide 380 Major Routes Summary 384 Major Decisions Guide 388 Thermodynamics and Kinetics 390 Generation of Alternate Paths, Reaction Cubes 390 Organic Structure Elucidation Strategies 393 Notes on Nomenclature 399 HINTS TO PROBLEMS FROM CHAPTERS 8, 9, AND 10 404 INDEX 407.
Summary "The revised 2nd edition builds on and improves this legacy, continuing the rigorous mechanistic approach to organic chemistry. Each mechanistic process is divided into its basic units, the dozen common electron flow pathways that become the building blocks of all the common mechanistic processes"-- Provided by publisher.
Reproduction Electronic reproduction. Palo Alto, Calif. : ebrary, 2013. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ebrary affiliated libraries.
Subject Chemistry, Organic.
Chemical bonds.
Charge exchange.
Added Author ebrary, Inc.
ISBN 9780470638040 (pbk.)
9781118355015 (e-book)
Permanent url for this catalog record: